Zakaah to Relatives

Can a wife give zakaah to her husband? Can zakaah be given to brothers and sisters?

With regard to a wife giving the zakaah of her wealth to her husband, many scholars have said that this is permissible, and they quote as evidence the report from Abu Sa’eed al-Khudri (رضى الله عنه), that when the Prophet (ﷺ) commanded the women to give in charity, Zaynab the wife of ‘Abd-Allah ibn Mas’ood (رضى الله عنه) came to him and said:

“O Prophet of Allah, today you told us to give in charity. I have some jewellery and I want to give it in charity, but Ibn Mas’ood claims that he and his child are more deserving of my charity.” The Prophet (ﷺ) said: “Ibn Mas’ood has spoken the truth. Your husband and child are more deserving of your charity.” [1]

It is also allowed to give zakaah to one's brothers and sisters. This is even desirable because the Prophet (ﷺ) said,

"Giving alms (Zakaah and other sadaqat) to needy people is rewarded as alms only but giving them to a needy relative is rewarded both as alms and as a treatment that strengthens kinship". [2]

References:

[1] [Narrated by al-Bukhaari (1462) and Muslim (1000)]

[2] [Narrated by al-Nasaa’i, 2581; al-Tirmidhi, 658; classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh al-Nasaa’i, 2420. ]

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