Virtues of Surah Mulk

What is the authenticity of the virtues of reciting Surah Mulk and its protection from the hell fire?

Abu Hurairah narrated that Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) said: “A surah of the Qur’an with thirty aayahs long kept interceding for its reciter until he was forgiven! It is Tabaarakalladhee bi-yadihil-mulk.[1]

It is supported by a similar hadeeth of Anas whose isnaad was authenticated by Ibn Hajar and others.

‘Abdullah ibn ‘Abbas narrated that the Prophet (ﷺ) said about Surah al-Mulk: “It is the averter (of the punishment of the grave).[2]

‘Abdullah ibn Mas‘ood said: “It is the rescuer from the punishment of the grave.[3]

The correct implementation of these scholars advise involves: reciting the surah slowly and correctly to the best of one’s ability; understanding its meanings; believing in whatever it contains; putting the teachings it contains into practice; propagating its message to others according to one’s knowledge and ability; and persevering through any harm.

Imaam ash-Shaukaanee and others said:

Let it be known, that although the hadeeths regarding the virtues of the Qur’aan are plentiful, the reciter of the Qur’an does not completely gain the reward promised in the authentic hadeeths until he understands its meanings, for that is the fruit of his recitation.[4]

The Permanent Committee for Research and Fatwa stated:

One this basis, it is hoped that whoever believes in [the contents of] this surah and reads it regularly, seeking the pleasure of Allah, learning the lessons contained in it and acting in accordance with the rulings contained therein, it will intercede for him [in the Hereafter].[5] [6]

References:

[1] Reported by Aboo Dawood (1400) and at-Tirmidhee (2891) and graded authentic by IbnTaymeeyah, Ibn-ul-Mulaqqin, al-Booseeree, al-Albaanee and others.

[2] Reported by at-Tirmidhee (2890) and authenticated by Ibn-ul-Qayyim, al-Albaanee and others.

[3] Reported by al-Haakim (2/498) and authenticated by al-Albaanee and others.

[4] Fath-ul-Qadeer, 1/71

[5] http://islamqa.info/en/26240

[6] Fataawal-Lajnat-id-Daa’imah, 4/334-335

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