Turning all our affairs to Allah (Tafseer of Surah Inshirah)

What lessons can we derive from the verse: “And to your Lord (Alone) turn (all your intentions and hopes and) your invocations.” [1]

Ultimately in this life it is the pleasure of Allah which determines whether we succeed or we fail. Whenever we do something we should ask ourselves whether that action is pleasing to Allah or not. This way we would make the right choices and inherit Paradise. If we forget Allah (سبحانه و تعالى) and don't turn things to Him, rather we just do what we have to, then most likely we would not succeed in this life because Paradise is earned by those who have true faith - faith which transforms them into righteous individuals of high moral character. To say that we believe doesn't mean that we have faith. It only means that we have knowledge of what belief is supposed to be. It doesn't become faith until our actions comply. By referring everything back to Allah (سبحانه و تعالى) we ensure that whatever choice we make is the right choice. This Surah begins with a general statement to the Prophet Muhammad (ﷺ) and from him to the rest of the believers that Allah with commitment will remove whatever burdens we have in our chest and our hearts, as Allah says:

“It is only with remembrance of Allah that hearts find rest.” [2]

We will never be able to overcome the difficulties that we face until we take it back to Allah (سبحانه و تعالى). A person may hurt us deeply and we will never be able to rise above that hurt until we take it back to Allah ultimately. We know that Allah is the judge and whatever a person does to us in this life they will meet its consequences on the Day of Judgement. If we believe that, then we don't allow the harm that others do to us to break us down and we would not react in negative ways such as complaining with frustration etc. By doing so we are trying to get resolution in this life for everything by asking why and how. When something wrong happens, we deal with it as much as we can by identifying the rights and the wrongs and then we move on. If we keep focusing on that, we will never find rest and we will never be at peace and we will never be able to deal with people because people will always do things to us. The Prophet (ﷺ) said:

"The believer who mixes with people and bears their harm is better than the believer that doesn't mix with people and bear their harm."[3]

The believer that runs away from people is not as good as the believer who deals with the people, bears their harm, invites them to what is good. That is the better level of faith. So, the Surah begins with that general recommendation and it then goes on to remind us that with every difficulty in life there will come ease and the principle which is critical for us to absorb is to believe the divine promise in order that we will be able to handle the struggles of this life.

References:

[1] [Qur’an 94:8]

[2] [Qur’an 13:28]

[3] [Sunan Ibn Majah 4032]

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