The Responsibility of Muslims in non-Muslim Communities

What are the responsibilities of Muslims in Non-Muslim communities?

The responsibilities of Muslims in Non-Muslim communities are many:

Calling to Allah addresses the responsibilities of Da'wah:

Prophet (ﷺ) dedicated his life for da'wah. Allah commanded the Prophet (ﷺ) in the Qur'an,

"Call unto the way of thy Lord with wisdom and fair exhortation, and reason with them in the better way. Lo! thy Lord is Best Aware of him who strayeth from His way, and He is best aware of those who go aright." [1]

"And who is better in speech than one who invites to Allah and does righteousness and says, "Indeed, I am of the Muslims."" [2]

The best of speech to people we can give is to call to Allah.

Working righteousness:

Our actions should be consistent with our speech and one who preaches without practice is hypocrisy.

Identity of Muslim:

One should represent Islam and be identified as one. He should live as Muslim in our appearance and daily dealings.

Prophet (ﷺ) stressed importance from distinguishing Muslims from pagans. Wearing caps under turbans, trimming moustache and growing beards.

Women are obligated to cover up and identify with Muslims with hijab. The western fashion promotes woman’s body and makes her a symbol of attraction for the opposite gender; hence she should modify it in conformity with Islamic etiquette.

The awrah for a man: the man needs to cover his awrah, which is from naval to the knee. Just as it is not permissible for a woman to wear a figure hugging dress, which covers her body, it is not permissible for the man to wear pants, which reveals the shape of his thighs. He has to cover the thighs. The pant should be above ankles; this is an instructed Sunnah and not just a natural Sunnah.

The Prophet (ﷺ) said:

“On the Day of Resurrection, Allah will not look at the one who dragged his garment out of pride.”[3]

He also said:

“What is below the ankles is in the fire.” [4]

We are dressing so in order to have identity as Muslims. Muslims mean should not waver in looking strange as Muslims when they allow their women to be dressed and stand out as strange in society. Men should stand by them.

The obligation Non-Muslim has over us is an individual right. Convey from me even it be an ayah. We may know few Surahs like those of Surah Ikhlaas. The Non- Muslims will hold us accountable for not conveying the message of Islam in our social circles and sphere of influence. These are sins against us. Our colleagues, classmates and people at workplace have right over us to being conveyance of message. Allah and His Prophet (ﷺ) did not just leave it as command to convey the message.

“And there is none more evil or oppressive than the one who hides the witness he has from Allah.” [5]

We are witnesses to Qur'an and not conveying is hiding it. None becomes more evil than one who hides the Qur'an.

“Those who hide what I have revealed after it has been made clear to people in scripture are cursed by Allah and cursed by everyone who would curse.” [6]

None of us want to be under the curse of Allah- if such verses do not touch us and make us feel contempt, we are lost. Prophet (ﷺ) said,

“Whoever hides knowledge will be branded with it with a brand from hell-fire.” [7]

We keep on striving to convey the message to the person until death takes him or he asks us to stop preaching. We have to try numerous ways to convey to the person. We do not give up just because people do not accept Islam in the first go. The majority of the people accept Islam not with the effort of single person in one time but the effort of many over a long time-span.

“If they turn away, it is only your duty to convey the message” [8]

"Verily! You (O Muhammad (ﷺ)) guide not whom you like, but Allah guides whom He wills. And He knows best those who are the guided." [9]

Narrated Ibn Abbas:

Thy Prophet sent Muadh to Yemen and said, "Invite the people to testify that none has the right to be worshipped but Allah and I am Allah's Apostle, and if they obey you to do so, then teach them that Allah has enjoined on them, five prayers in every day and night (in twenty-four hours), and if they obey you to do so, then teach them that Allah has made it obligatory for them to pay the Zakat from their property and it is to be taken from the wealthy among them and given to the poor." [10]


[1] [Qur’an 16:25]

[2] [Qur’an 41:33]

[3] [Sahîh al-Bukhârî and Sahih Muslim,  Sunan an-Nasaa'i, hadeeth number 5327]

[4] [Sahih al-Bukhari, hadeeth number 5787]

[5] [Qur’an 2:140]

[6] [Qur’an 2:159]

[7] [Jami` at-Tirmithi, hadeeth number 2649]

[8] [Qur’an 3:20]

[9] [Qur’an 28:56]

[10]  [Saheeh Bukhari Volume: 2, Book Number: 23, Hadith Number: 478]

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