Quoting the Sahabah in the absence of Prophetic Narrations

“As to the composition of the throne, there are no authentic narrations from the Prophet (ﷺ) on the subject, however the leading students of the Companions, Ismaa‘il ibn Abi Khalid and Qatadah both said that the Throne was made of red ruby.” (Al-‘Ulu lil-‘Alee al-Ghaffar, p. 71)

Is it alright to quote the statements of the Prophet’s Companions (Radhi Allahu anhum) when there are no authentic narrations from Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) on a subject?

It should be noted that the sources of Islam on which all beliefs, principles and rulings are based are represented by the Qur’an, the Sunnah, Ijma’ (scholarly consensus) and Qiyas (analogy). However, with regard to sources other than these four, such as the opinions of the Sahabah, Istihsan (discretion), Sadd al-Dhara’i’ (blocking the means that lead to evil), Istishab, ‘Urf (custom), the laws of those who came before us, al-Masalih al-Mursalah (things that serve the general interests of the Muslims) and so on [all of which you will study in Usul al-Fiqh], the scholars differed as to how valid it is to use them as evidence. According to the view that they are acceptable – all or some of them – they are secondary to the Qur’an and Sunnah and should be in accordance with them. Based on that, many scholars have held that we are allowed to use the statements of the Sahabah (if they are proven to be authentically attributed to them) in ‘aqeedah related matters, because we know and believe that the Sahabah would never lie in such matters, but rather they must have heard what they said from the Prophet (ﷺ).

And Allah knows best.

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