What is the difference between Ijaza, Munawala and I'laam?
According to Ibn Katheer in Sharh Ikhtisaar Uloom Al Hadeeth, I'laam is purely an announcement without necessarily giving permission to narrate from him. Ijazah is permission. With regards to Munawala, the Sheikh gives the student or even borrows from him a book, then tells him to narrate this from me or some scholars. Consider this similar to A'rd.< Back to Questions