Hadeeth about Combining Prayers without Reason

Ibn 'Abbas reported: ‘The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) observed the noon and afternoon prayers together, and the sunset and Isha' prayers together without being in a state of fear or in a state of journey.’[1]

Why did the Prophet (ﷺ) combine 2 prayers when he was not in travel or in a fear situation?

The scholars have said that the Prophet (ﷺ) joined the prayers when he was not travelling or in a situation of fear because he wanted to show the ummah that a person with an excuse can join between two prayers. Ibn Al-Jawzi states that this hadeeth could be interpreted to mean that he did so because it had rained or that the ground was wet, full of puddles and muddy because of the rain (thus it would have been hard for people to walk to the masjid in such circumstances).[2] He went on to say, “Ayoob As-Sikhtiyaani said, “Perhaps it was on a rainy night”. However some narrations of the hadeeth say that the Prophet (ﷺ) joined the prayers in a state of no fear or rain. In this case also the scholars have said that the rain could have stopped but the mud was still there. The scholars have said that it is not allowed to combine the prayers for no reason. Abu Musa al-Ash’ari said,

A person who joins two prayers for no reason has commited a major sin”.[3]

The Prophet’s (ﷺ) joining of the two prayers had a reason behind it.

References:

[1] [Sahih Muslim: Book 004, Number 1515]

[2] [Kashf al-Mushkil min hadeeth as-Saheehayn (vol 2 page 378)]

[3] [Mussanaf ibn Abi Shaybah (number 8252)]

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