Family Planning

Is family planning allowed in Islam?

Sustenance is from Allah and He provides for every child that is born. If the couple has many children, the father should seek halal ways of increasing his income.
The Prophet (may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him) encouraged people to have many children. He said:
“Marry women who are loving and fertile, for I shall be proud of your large numbers before other nations.” [1]
 
Allah, may He be exalted, has guaranteed provision for all creatures, as He says:
“And no (moving) living creature is there on earth but its provision is due from Allah”[2]
 
However, the woman may use temporary family planning methods for health reasons or to recover after a pregnancy but she should not use birth control for the fear of poverty. Rather, Muslims should rely on Allah because He is the Sustainer and Nourisher.
Reference:
[1] Narrated by Abu Dawood (2050); classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Irwa’ al-Ghaleel (1784)

[2] [Noble Qur'an: Surah Hood 11:6]

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