Explanation of Qur’anic Verses

In the ayahs of the Qur’an it is mentioned that:

“Invite (mankind O Muhammad) to the way of your Lord (i.e. Islam) with wisdom and fair preaching, and argue with them in a way that is better."[1]

“And argue not with the people of the Scripture (Jews and Christians), unless it be in (a way) that is better, except with such of them as do wrong."[2]

What is meant by "better" in the above verses. Also, what does "except with such of them as do wrong" in the second verse mean?

"Better" in these verses means that generally if one has to debate and argue, then let that be in the best manner, with kindness, gentleness and good speech. Allah commanded Musa and Harun to speak gently when he sent them to Pharaoh, as He said:

فَقُولَا لَهُ قَوْلًا لَّيِّنًا لَّعَلَّهُ يَتَذَكَّرُ أَوْ يَخْشَىٰ

"And speak to him mildly, perhaps he may accept admonition or fear (Allah)"[3]

However, Allah also mentions exception to this rule, i.e, except with those who are wrongdoers and oppressors. Hence it is permissible to be tough with such people who have evil intentions of undermining the Islamic da’wah.

References:

[1] [Surah An Nahl, 16:125]

[2] [Surah Al Ankaboot, 29:46]

[3] [Surah At Taha, 20: 44]

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