Study of Uloom Al-Qur’an

Why should we study Uloom Al-Qur’an, before studying tafseer of the Surahs?

Tafseer is a complex process and before one can look deep into the Qur’an and understand it well, one has to acquaint oneself with the various fields of study related to the Qur’an.

Uloom Al-Qur’an is the study of the various sciences related to the Qur’an which include tafseer methodology, reasons for revelation, abrogation, Meccan and Madinan verses, language of the Qur’an and literary forms of the Qur’an.

A student of knowledge needs to be familiar with all these fields in order to interpret the Qur'an correctly.

Ahmad Von Denffer stated in his introduction to this topic:

The branch of knowledge, called Uloom Al-Qur'an may be used as a means for accomplishment of…understanding the message of the Qur'an, by understanding its settings and circumstances.[1]

Dr. Yasir Qadhi says about this topic:

There are many benefits to the knowledge of 'Uloom al-Qur’an’. Firstly, it enables the reader to realize the wealth of knowledge and insight that exists with regards to the Book of Allah. As some of the scholars of the past said, "True knowledge is to know one's ignorance." Only when a person realizes what he does not know will he appreciate how little he does know. Secondly, it enables the student of knowledge to better understand the Qur’an, in that he will be familiar with the history of its revelation and collection and the various aspects that aid its comprehension. When he reads the books of tafseer, he will be able to understand the terms used and benefit from the knowledge in them to a greater extent. In other words, he will be equippedto further increase his knowledge and to learn more about his religion. Thirdly, it increases a person's belief (emaan), because he will realize the great blessings that he has been given through its revelation (Qur’an). He will not be fooled by the fallacious claims of its enemies, and his heart will be at ease with regards to its authenticity. He will understand the miraculous nature of the Qur’an, and thus better cherish the greatest Book that mankind has been given. Fourthly, he will be able to defend the Qur’an against its enemies, since he will be well equipped with the true and pristine knowledge of the Qur’an, unadulterated by the prejudices of its opponents.”[2]

References:

[1] Ulum Al-Qur’an, Ahmad Von Denffer, p. 8

[2] An introduction to the sciences of the Qur’an, Dr. Yasir Qadhi, p. 19

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