Reflections on Surah al-Kahf

Can you discuss the reflections and beneficial points of Surah al-Kahf?

Firstly, Surah al-Kahf addresses a variety of fitnah

  1. Fitnah of religion (companions of the cave)
  2. Fitnah of wealth (owner of the two gardens)
  3. Fitnah of knowledge (Mūsa and Khiḍr)
  4. Fitnah of authority (Dhul-Qarnayn)

Secondly, one of the main themes of Surah al-Kahf is righteous companionship.

For example Allah says,

“And keep yourself patient by being with those who call upon their Lord in the morning and the evening, seeking His countenance. And let not your eyes pass beyond them, desiring adornments of the worldly life.”[1]

The righteous companion is he who when you accompany, you become attached to the ākhirah.

Thirdly, comparing ones large amount of followers and wealth with that of others causes tyrannical arrogance:

“And he had fruit, so he said to his companion while he was conversing with him, ‘I am greater than you in wealth and mightier in (numbers of) men.’ And he entered his garden while in a state (of pride and disbelief) unjust to himself.”[2]

Fourthly, materialistic deception is the nucleus of atheism:

“And he entered his garden while in a state (of pride and disbelief) unjust to himself. He said, ‘I do not think that this will ever perish. And I do not think the Hour will ever occur.’”[3]

References:

[1] Surah al-Kahf, 18:28

[2] Surah al-Kahf, 18:34-35

[3] Surah al-Kahf, 18:35-36

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